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Showing 3321 items

Scientific paper • 2020

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Shifting economic activity to services has limited potential to reduce global environmental impacts due to the household consumption of labour

By: Corey Lesk, Damon Matthews, Daniel Horen Greenford, Konstantin Stadler, Timothy Crownshaw

The tertiary (or 'service') sector is commonly identified as a relatively clean part of the economy. Accordingly, sustainable development policy routinely invokes 'tertiarization'—a shift from primary and secondary sectors to the tertiary sector—as a means of decoupling economic growth from environmental damages. However, this argument does not account for environmental impacts related to t...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Mapping Different Worlds of Eco-Welfare States

By: Katharina Zimmermann, Paolo Graziano

Attention towards topics such as environmental pollution, climate change, or biodiversity has strongly increased in the last years. The struggles to balance market powers and ecological sustainability somehow evoke memories of the early days of European welfare states, when social protection emerged as a means to prevent industrial capitalism from disruptive social tensions due to excessive soc...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Contesting growth in marine capture fisheries: the case of small-scale fishing cooperatives in Istanbul

By: Pinar Ertör-Akyazi

The expansion of industrial fishing via technological advancements and heavy subsidies in the Global North has been a significant factor leading to the current global fishery crisis. The growth of the industrial fleet led to an initial increase in global catches from the 1950s to the 1990s; yet, today, several marine fish stocks are harvested at unsustainable rates, and catches are stagnati...

Presentation • 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Citizens’ Assemblies: A Lever for Political Change

By: Mira Pütz

Presentation [part of the standard session "Theories of Transformation"] In order to develop and implement socio-ecological (economic) policies the processes and structural conditions of representation in democracies today need to be rethought, re-imagined and changed. Citizens’ assemblies can help us to do just that, starting now. Presenters: Mira Pütz (Sciences Po) Language: English ...

Scientific paper • 2020

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The Virtuous Circle of Sustainable Welfare as a Transformative Policy Idea

By: Tuuli Hirvilammi

Welfare states are highly dependent on the economic growth paradigm. Especially in social democratic welfare states, growth dependence has historically been accompanied by the notion of a virtuous circle, which ensures that social policy measures do not conflict with economic growth. However, this policy idea ignores the environmental impacts that are now challenging human wellbeing and welfare...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Eco-social divides in Europe: public attitudes towards welfare and climate change policies

By: Adeline Otto, Dimitri Gugushvili

In the face of accelerating global warming and attendant natural disasters, it is clear that governments all over the world eventually have to take measures to mitigate the most adverse consequences of climate change. However, the costs of these measures are likely to force governments to reconsider some of their tax and spending priorities, of which social spending is the largest expenditure i...

Presentation • 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Connecting degrowth to Epicurean hedonism: pleasure as a political ethics of limits

By: Roberto Sciarelli

Presentation [part of the standard session "Limits, Ethics, Unsustainability and Change"] The session will explore the relations between Epicurean hedonism and degrowth, showing how such connection has the potential to enrich and refine degrowth transformative proposal of a frugal society based on shared simple pleasures, relational goods and friendship, leisure, idleness and dépense. Pre...

Presentation • 2020

Video Other

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - A Green New Deal without growh

By: Riccardo Mastini

Presentation [part of the standard session "Institutional Change 2"] The Green New Deal offers a powerful vision for how to deploy industrial policies to coordinate the overhaul of a country’s energy system and decarbonize its manufacturing and agricultural sectors. However given the elusiveness of absolute decoupling degrowth policies must accompany this transition. Presenters: Riccardo ...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Digitalization and energy consumption. Does ICT reduce energy demand?

By: Johanna Pohl, Steffen Lange, Tilman Santarius

This article investigates the effect of digitalization on energy consumption. Using an analytical model, we investigate four effects: (1) direct effects from the production, usage and disposal of information and communication technologies (ICT), (2) energy efficiency increases from digitalization, (3) economic growth from increases in labor and energy productivities and (4) sectoral change/te...

Position paper • 2020

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Matter and regulation: socio-metabolic and accumulation regimes of French capitalism since 1948

By: Louison Cahen-Fourot, Nelo Magalhães

This paper aims at integrating macroeconomic and institutional analyses of long run dynamics of capitalism with material flow analysis. We investigate the links between accumulation and socio-metabolic regimes by studying French capitalism from a material perspective since 1948. We characterize its social metabolism both in production- and consumption-based approaches. We show that the periodiz...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Swimming upstream: community economies for a different coastal rural development in Sweden

By: Ida Wingren, Milena Arias Schreiber, Sebastian LInke

The EU Blue Growth agenda is being implemented at a time when European coastal fisheries and traditional fishing communities are struggling to survive or have already vanished from areas where they used to flourish. Driven by the strong conviction that current disadvantaged and vulnerable coastal fishers still have a central role to play in rural development, local level initiatives are cal...

Presentation • 2020

Video Other

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Buen vivir in Germany

By: Timmo Krüger

Presentation [part of the standard session "Regional Transformations"] Buen Vivir goes beyond criticism and rejection. It has an utopian surplus. European activists adopted it to make positive visions thinkable and expressible. The fluctuating relevance of Buen Vivir can be traced back to the course of political struggles both in the Andean countries and in Europe. Presenters: Timmo Krüge...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Differences in carbon emissions reduction between countries pursuing renewable electricity versus nuclear power

By: Andy Stirling, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Goetz Walter, Gordon MacKerron, Patrick Schmid

Two of the most widely emphasized contenders for carbon emissions reduction in the electricity sector are nuclear power and renewable energy. While scenarios regularly question the potential impacts of adoption of various technology mixes in the future, it is less clear which technology has been associated with greater historical emission reductions. Here, we use multiple regression analyse...

Presentation • 2020

Video Other

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Strategies for Transformation: Agency and Alliances in Rural Alternative Movements in Japan

By: Hein Mallee, Norie Tamura

Presentation [part of the standard session "Regional Transformations"] Embedding human lives again into the local ecosystem may help to reverse overexploitation and to foster degrowth lifestyles. To discuss transition strategies for alternative lifestyles, we analyze two niche developments in Japan: the fishery-forest movement and the self-employed forestry movement. Presenters: Norie Tam...

• 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Possibilities of Degrowth for the Electronics Industry

By: Isabella Szukits, Matthias Haberl

Workshop Südwind works since many years about the supply chain of mobile phones. Current initiatives range from modular design over certain procurement strategies of public institutions to refurbishment and proper recycling. Still on local and regional levels many small initiatives can do and are doing interesting steps in the right direction and we want together to elaborate more on it. And...

Presentation • 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Anarchism and degrowth: two sides of the same coin

By: Andro Rilović

Presentation [part of the standard session "Theories of Transformation"] This paper will demonstrate why, when envisaging degrowth transitions and strategies for achieving them, it is essential to seriously engage with arguments concerning the limitations of the State in enacting radical systemic change, emanating from the long and fruitful history of anarchist thought. Presenters: Andro ...

• 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Participatory system-mapping for Degrowth

By: Alexandra Köves

Workshop System maps are a good visualization of mental constructions different groups hold on Degrowth. Based on our previous research results we propose 30 factors that we deem the most important in a Degrowth transition. In this workshop we involve the participants in a participatory system mapping exercise where they can arrange and rearrange the components of a potential Degrowth societ...

Scientific paper • 2020

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A Conceptual Exploration and Critical Inquiry into the Theoretical Foundation(s) of Economic Welfare Measures

By: Brent Bleys, Jonas Van der Slycken

Economic welfare measures (EWM) such as the ISEW and the GPI are often argued to lack a sound theoretical foundation. However, we observe that the initial EWM were jointly inspired by Hicksian and Fisherian income. Welfare's experiential nature is Fisherian-inspired, whereas seeing the consumption of community capital (e.g. the ecosystem) as a cost is Hicksian-inspired. As most scholars do no...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Ecological macroeconomics in the open economy: Sustainability, unequal exchange and policy coordination in a center-periphery model

By: Guilio Guarini, Jeffrey Althouse, Jose Gabriel Porcile

This article introduces a novel (environmental) interpretation of a “Keynesian coordination game” and develops four potential scenarios to remaining within a global carbon emissions constraint. With inspiration from research on “ecologically unequal exchange” (EUE), we demonstrate the drawbacks of present “green growth” strategies by considering how pollution- and resource-intensive industrie...

Presentation • 2020

Other Video

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Structure, Action and Change: A Bourdieusian Perspective on the Preconditions for a Degrowth transition

By: Max Koch

Presentation [part of the standard session "Theories of Transformation"] A deprioritization of economic growth in policy making in the rich countries will need to be part of a global effort to re-embed economy and society into planetary boundaries. However, societal support for a degrowth transition remains for the time being moderate, and it is not well understood as yet why this is the cas...