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Showing 3459 items

Scientific paper • 2024

15 years of degrowth research: A systematic review

By: Joe Ament, John-Oliver Engler, Max-Friedemann Kretschmer, Julius Rathgens, Thomas Huth, Henrik von Wehrden

In academia and political debates, the notions of ‘degrowth’ has gained traction since the dawn of the 21st century. While some uncertainty around its exact definition remains, research on degrowth revolves around the idea of reducing resource and energy throughput as a unifying theme. We employ a mixed-methods design to systematically review the scientific peer-reviewed English literature fr...

Scientific paper • 2024

Is Europe faring well with growth? Evidence from a welfare comparison in the EU-15 (1995–2018)

By: Brent Bleys, Jonas Van der Slycken

This paper is the first to calculate welfare, measured by the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW), for the EU-15 countries in a standardized and comparable way. This paper does so by building on a case study for Belgium by Van der Slycken and Bleys (2023) that puts forward a “2.0 methodology” with two distinct ISEWs that deal with cross-time and cross-boundary issues. Both welfare and ...

• 2023

Humans in/of/are nature: Re-embedding reality in sustainability sciences

By: Caitlin B. Morgan, Kristian Brevik, Lindsay Barbieri, Joe Ament

Behind the facades of humanity’s technological advances and urban lifestyles, there is in fact no real wall that separates us from the web of life. Biology, physics, Western social theory, and Indigenous scholarship all tell us that we are embedded in the natural world; to operate otherwise is a dangerous misconception and leads to the human-centered ecological crises we currently face. And yet...

• 2023

Shades of green growth scepticism among climate policy researchers

By: Stefan Drews, Lewis C. King, Ivan Savin

Despite strong promotion of green growth by policymakers and international institutions, there is mounting criticism concerning the compatibility of continued economic growth with sustainability goals. Our global survey of 789 climate policy researchers reveals widespread scepticism in high-income countries, supporting the notion that as national income rises, environmental goals prevail over e...

• 2023

Towards ISEW and GPI 2.0: Dealing with Cross-Time and Cross-Boundary Issues in a Case Study for Belgium

By: Brent Bleys, Jonas Van der Slycken

Scholars have long had difficulties when dealing with cross-time and cross-boundary issues in the Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW) and Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI). This case study for Belgium is the very first that tackles these complexities by calculating two ISEW-variants with distinct time and boundary perspectives that are based on Fisherian or Hicksian income. Experiential...

• 2023

The well dressed revolutionary

By: Hall Greenland

Michael Pablo was a twentieth century revolutionary whose life and ideas remain relevant and inspirational in the 21st. He spent his life involved in revolutions around the globe – in Greece, France, Algeria, Chile, Palestine and Portugal, to name the most important – everywhere pursuing a genuinely democratic socialism. He was a hands-on participant and advocated and worked for what he called ...

• 2023

Urban ecological futures: Five Eco-Community Strategies for more Sustainable and Equitable Cities

By: Anitra Nelson, Joshua Lockyer, Jenny Pickerill, Tendai Chitewere, Natasha Cornea, Rachel Macrorie, Jan Malý Blažek

Cities are critical sites for understanding, and potentially ameliorating, the effects of global ecological change, the climate emergency and natural resource depletion. Contemporary cities are sociomaterially connected through global markets, trade and transportation, placing ever-increasing demands on the natural environment and generating dangerous pollutants and emissions. Current approache...

Scientific paper • 2023

The Human Ecology of Overshoot: Why a Major ‘Population Correction’ Is Inevitable

By: William E. Rees

Homo sapiens has evolved to reproduce exponentially, expand geographically, and consume all available resources. For most of humanity’s evolutionary history, such expansionist tendencies have been countered by negative feedback. However, the scientific revolution and the use of fossil fuels reduced many forms of negative feedback, enabling us to realize our full potential for exponential growth...