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Showing 148 items

Scientific paper • 2021

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What structural change is needed for a post-growth economy: A framework of analysis and empirical evidence

By: John Barret, Lukas Hardt, Peter G. Taylor, Timothy J. Foxon

In order to avoid environmental catastrophe we need to move to a post-growth economy that can deliver rapid reductions in environmental impacts and improve well-being, independent of GDP growth. Such a move will entail considerable structural change in the economy, implying different goals and strategies for different economic sectors. So far there are no systematic approaches for identif...

Scientific paper • 2021

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Talk renewables, walk coal: The paradox of India's energy transition

By: Anke Schaffartzik, Brototi Roy

Coal is on the rise in India: despite the devasting impacts of the climate crisis, the awareness for land and forest rights, and political talk of a coal phase-out. In this article, we demonstrate that despite the renewables-led rhetoric, India is in the midst of a transition to (not away from) greater use of coal in its fossil energy system and in the electricity system in particular. We inv...

Scientific paper • 2021

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A Green New Deal without growth?

By: Giorgos Kallis, Jason Hickel, Riccardo Mastini

The IPCC warns that in order to keep global warming under 1.5°, global emissions must be cut to zero by 2050. Policymakers and scholars debate how best to decarbonise the energy system, and what socio-economic changes might be necessary. Here we review the strengths, weaknesses, and synergies of two prominent climate change mitigation narratives: the Green New Deal and degrowth. Green New Dea...

• 2020

Video Other

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Resources and Energy

By: Don Blair, Ida Day, Jefim Vogel

Standard session (discussion following 3 presentations) The Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition – Strategies for Social-Ecological Transformation My presentation focuses on strategies toward social-ecological transformation, undertaken by The Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition (OVEC) in West Virginia, to protect the mountain ecosystems and culture of Central Appalachia. OVEC has successf...

Presentation • 2020

Video Other

Degrowth Vienna 2020 - Knowledge production for degrowth

By: Aude Lapprand, Camille Besombes, Fabrice Flipo, François Briens, Madina Querre, Maëlle Frétigné, Maura Benegiamo, Paul Lacoste, Simon Grudet

Workshop We offer a workshop focused on our needs in terms of knowledge production in a society turned towards degrowth. We will highlight the work of fifty researchers, activists and students on the production of an alternative research scenario, called Horizon Earth. The workshop will revolve around four phases of presentation and discussion : The research scenario’s development and object...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Providing decent living with minimum energy: a global scenario

By: Joel Millward-Hopkins, Julia K. Steinberger, Narasimha D. Rao, Yannick Oswald

It is increasingly clear that averting ecological breakdown will require drastic changes to contemporary human society and the global economy embedded within it. On the other hand, the basic material needs of billions of people across the planet remain unmet. Here, we develop a simple, bottom-up model to estimate a practical minimal threshold for the final energy consumption required to provi...

• 2020

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The stories Michael Shellenberger tells

By: Sam Bliss

"Men in power have rationalized all those forms of domination by claiming that they facilitate economic development, which is purportedly great for people and nature. Sound familiar?"

• 2020

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The Green New Old Deal: a new industrial policy when we need a de-industrial policy

By: Bernard Marszalek

The most popular poster for the Green New Deals reveals startling assumptions...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Electrification of light-duty vehicle fleet alone will not meet mitigation targets

By: Alexandre Milovanoff, Daniel I. Posen, Heather L. MacLean

Climate change mitigation strategies are often technology-oriented, and electric vehicles (EVs) are a good example of something believed to be a silver bullet. Here we show that current US policies are insufficient to remain within a sectoral CO2 emission budget for light-duty vehicles, consistent with preventing more than 2 °C global warming, creating a mitigation gap of up to 19 GtCO2 (28...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Differences in carbon emissions reduction between countries pursuing renewable electricity versus nuclear power

By: Andy Stirling, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Goetz Walter, Gordon MacKerron, Patrick Schmid

Two of the most widely emphasized contenders for carbon emissions reduction in the electricity sector are nuclear power and renewable energy. While scenarios regularly question the potential impacts of adoption of various technology mixes in the future, it is less clear which technology has been associated with greater historical emission reductions. Here, we use multiple regression analyse...

Scientific paper • 2020

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The limits of transport decarbonization under the current growth paradigm

By: Carmen Duce, Ignacio de Blas, Iñigo Capellán-Pérez, Margarita Mediavilla

Achieving ambitious reductions in greenhouse gases (GHG) is particularly challenging for transportation due to the technical limitations of replacing oil-based fuels. We apply the integrated assessment model MEDEAS-World to study four global transportation decarbonization strategies for 2050. The results show that a massive replacement of oil-fueled individual vehicles to electric ones alone ...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Designing sustainability in blues: the limits of technospatial growth imaginaries

By: Duygu Kaşdoğan

In the midst of a global food crisis, the late 2000s saw tensions between rising food prices and demands for biofuels coalesce into a “food versus fuel” debate. In response to ensuing public outcries, governmental agencies, and researchers across the globe began mobilizing around alternative biofuel feedstock. Among these materials, algae emerged as the most “hopeful” sustainable alternativ...

Scientific paper • 2020

The Blue Fix: What's driving blue growth?

By: Castren Pedersen, Mads Barbesgaard, Zoe W. Brent

This article explores the politics behind the promise of ‘blue growth’. Reframing it as a ‘blue fix’, we argue that the blue growth discourse facilitates new opportunities for capital accumulation, while claiming that this accumulation is compatible with social and ecological aims as well. The blue fix is made up of three underlying sub-fixes. First of all, the conservation fix quenches the...

• 2020

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Energy and the Green New Deal. The complex challenge of powering societies

By: Tim Crownshaw

"In place of the GND, we might be better served by scaling back our ambition and embracing a Green New Direction. This alternative could preserve many of the same essential goals, but would need to forgo the use of enticing promises to motivate action and instead do the hard work of building solidarity and commitment to collectively face an energy future which will be more complex, more unpredi...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Structural Change for a Post-Growth Economy: Investigating the Relationship between Embodied Energy Intensity and Labour Productivity

By: John Barrett, Lukas Hardt, Peter G. Taylor, Timothy J. Foxon

Post-growth economists propose structural changes towards labour-intensive services, such as care or education, to make our economy more sustainable by providing meaningful work and reducing the environmentally damaging production of material goods. Our study investigates the assumption underlying such proposals. Using a multi-regional input-output model we compare the embodied energy intensi...

Scientific paper • 2020

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Closing the green finance gap - A systems perspective

By: Aled Jones, Annela Anger-Kraavi, Jan Pohl, Sarah Hafner

Meeting its climate policy objectives requires the UK to rapidly decarbonise its energy sector. This demands high levels of investments into low carbon energy infrastructure, which are currently not undertaken at required scale, leading to a green finance gap. We explore (1) key investment barriers, (2) a theoretical framework for investigation and (3) possible solutions, drawing on a review of...

• 2019

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Old Man on a Bike: a story of how cycling keeps us all young

By: Mark Sutton

Mark Cramer, commentator on the subject of cycling into later life and best practice infrastructure has released a new book filled with incredible stories of how cycling contributes positively to society the world over.

Scientific paper • 2019

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Public Support for Sustainable Welfare Compared: Links between Attitudes towards Climate and Welfare Policies

By: Martin Fritz, Max Koch

The emerging concept of sustainable welfare attempts to integrate environmental sustainability and social welfare research. Oriented at a mid-term re-embedding of Western production and consumption norms into planetary limits, it suggests the development of “eco-social” policies in the rich countries. In this theoretical context, this article empirically investigates the relationships between a...

Scientific paper • 2019

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Unraveling the claims for (and against) green growth

By: Peter A. Victor, Tim Jackson

Can the global economy grow indefinitely, decoupled from the Earth's limitations? Science 22 Nov 2019, Vol. 366, Issue 6468, pp. 950-951

Scientific paper • 2019

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Who can challenge the imperial mode of living? The terrain of struggles for social-ecological transformation in the German population

By: Dennis Eversberg

This contribution draws on empirical evidence from the 2016 wave of the survey “Environmental Consciousness in Germany” to identify the potential social bases of both support for and resistance to attempts to overcome the current socio-ecological crisis by way of a broad social-ecological transformation. Firstly, the results of factor and cluster analyses of the survey’s items on attitudes ...